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Legendary sinologist, linguist and educator John DeFrancis passed away on January 2, 2009 at the age of 97. John DeFrancis has a section on the Yukaghir love letter in his Visible Speech: The Diverse Oneness of Writing Systems. The notion of congregation and its post independence translation, the association, is precisely based on these ethno linguistic differences. Part IV: Conclusion:. John DeFrancis (1911- 2009) John DeFrancis (1911â 2009), Emeritus Professor of Chinese at the University of Hawai'i, graduated from Yale in 1933 and immediately departed for China to pursue his interests. We have mainly been trying to document what happened in Chinese language and script reform for over a century and what the present situation is with regard to developments in language and script usage. Linguistics 32: 117–132. This chapter describes the realm of writing systems, scripts, and orthographies focusing on three East-Asian languages – Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. John DeFrancis (født 31. august 1911 i Bridgeport i Connecticut i USA, død 2. januar 2009 på Hawaii) var en ledende amerikansk sinolog.. Han var professor i kinesisk språk ved University of Hawaii i USA, og forfattet i særlig 1960- og 1970-årene mange verker som utviklet en ny didaktisk tilnærming til standard kinesisk.Særlig hans Readers-serie ble særlig innflytelsesrik. Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press 1969, xix + 319 p. Wáng Yuánlù 王元鹿: Pǔtōng Wénzìxué Gàilùn 《普通文字学概论》 Guìyáng: Guìzhōu Rénmín Chūbǎnshè 1996, 186 p. Chinese writing & writing Chinese: DeFrancis, John: … Sproat, Richard ... J. Marshall & John DeFrancis ... a different view of regions is also briefly described). Chinese characters have always been written with a space between each one. While both writing and speech are useful in conveying messages, writing differs in also being a reliable form of information storage and transfer. He dismisses Gelb as teleological and outmoded, hepresents Sampson's and DeFrancis's tree-shaped taxonomies, and he listsDeFrancis's disagreements with Sampson. A writing system is a method of visually representing verbal communication, based on a script and a set of rules regulating its use. John DeFrancis (August 31, 1911 – January 2, 2009) was an American linguist, sinologist, author of Chinese language textbooks, lexicographer of Chinese dictionaries, and Professor Emeritus of Chinese Studies at the University of Hawai ʻ i at Mānoa. It was in this book that he tried to tackle many of the myths about Chinese, asserting, for example, that the speech forms in China commonly called dialects are actually distinct languages quite different from Mandarin. 1 As Peter Daniels observes, ‘‘the fortunes of writing in modern linguistics have fallen and risen’’ (1996, 10); for an oft-cited survey of the fall, see Basso (1974, pp. The rest of the Chinese Language : Fact and Fantasy is written in a more scientific vein, though John DeFrancis was never a pompous scholar like those commenting on him seem to be. John DeFrancis, born August 31, 1911 and passed away January 2, 2009. Modern Chinese is polysyllabic, especially Mandarin. The Chinese writing system is the most important reason that the spoken Chinese language is often inaccurately described as monosyllabic. John DeFrancis (August 31, 1911 – January 2, 2009) was an American linguist, sinologist, author of Chinese language textbooks, lexicographer of Chinese dictionaries, and Professor Emeritus of Chinese Studies at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. The linguist John DeFrancis was somewhat ironic when writing that “Chinese is not a language but a family of languages made up of a variety of mutually unintelligible languages”. ‎John DeFrancis worked at Seton Hall University in the Department of Far Eastern Studies’ Chinese Studies program, authoring textbooks for Mandarin Chinese in the early 1960s. John DeFrancis (1911-2009), Emeritus Professor of Chinese at the University of Hawai'i, graduated from Yale in 1933 and immediately departed for China to pursue his interests. He continued his dictionary and textbook work until the end of his long life. Then I will describe how Adinkra symbols are a writing system. But perhaps I have been spoiled by John DeFrancis's entertaining The Chinese Language. John DeFrancis on His Eightieth Birthday. DeFrancis's final classification (DeFrancis & Unger 1994) goes: All writing systems encode spoken/signed language. See here f or scans of a few pages.. Legendary sinologist, linguist and educator John DeFrancis passed away on January 2, 2009 at the age of 97. The recent discussion of different ways of writing Chinese reminded Jeff K of two books of Shanghai expressions that he had come across. John DeFrancis, a noted specialist in the Chinese language, shows that writing can be based only upon a sound system and not upon any other linguistic level. Visible Speech is an attempt to set the record straight about the nature of writing. used and how they originated. He looks atthe influential taxonomies of writing systems presented by Gelb (1963), Sampson(1985), and DeFrancis (1989). (If you haven’t read The Chinese Language: Fact and Fantasy yet, order it now.). 14. John DeFrancis (August 31, 1911 – January 2, 2009) was an American linguist, sinologist, author of Chinese language textbooks, lexicographer of Chinese dictionaries, and Professor Emeritus of Chinese Studies at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Writing Reform: Conditions and Implications. In recognition of the 95th(!) Neither John DeFrancis nor VHM nor Zhou Youguang nor David Moser nor Bill Hannas nor Mark Swofford nor John Rohsenow nor Liu Yongquan nor none of my other colleagues advocates that. I happen to be able to read all the scripts described in this short fable, and can assure you that DeFrancis was spot on. Although Adinkra is an ideographic writing system, I will discuss the prevailing ideas of leading historic linguists such as Walter Ong and John DeFrancis who define certain writing systems as ‘true scripts,’ which are The provenance of the "letter" is a bit obscure but it comes from a Russian political exile to Siberia around 1892. One of his most popular books, "The Chinese Language: Fact and Fantasy," was published in 1984. John DeFrancis, a noted specialist in the Chinese language, shows that writing can be based only upon a sound system and not upon any other linguistic level. By David Moser Legendary sinologist, linguist and educator John DeFrancis passed away on January 2, 2009 at the age of 97. Publikationen über John DeFrancis Schriftfestschrift: Essays on Writing and Language in Honor of John DeFrancis on His Eightieth Birthday , Sino-Platonic Papers #27, August 1991, edited by Victor H. Mair ( … Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Visible Speech: The Diverse Oneness of Writing … Chinese script and the diversity of writing systems. (DeFrancis later developed these ideas into another book, "Visible Speech," also recommended. Most readers of Pinyin News will already know of John DeFrancis, editor of the ABC Chinese-English Comprehensive Dictionary and author of The Chinese Language: Fact and Fantasy and many other important works. John DeFrancis, 1911-2009 Sad news from the world of writing systems research. He corrects the erroneous views of Chinese writing as pictographic, ideographic, logographic, or… John DeFrancis has a wonderful chapter on 'the monosyllabic myth' (1984:177-203). For any student of the Chinese language and writing system working in the latter part of the twentieth century, DeFrancis was simply a titan. Mr. DeFrancis retired from teaching in 1976, but he continued writing prolifically. Chinese script and the diversity of writing systems Chinese script and the diversity of writing systems SAMPSON, GEOFFREY 1994-01-01 00:00:00 DeFrancis (1989) claims that all writing systems are similar in being phonetically based. Gelb, Ignace Jay: A Study of Writing. About the Book; About the Author(s) John DeFrancis, Author. In three years of study and travel, he covered over 4,000 miles in Northwest China and Mongolia, across the Gobi Desert, and down the Yellow River, immersing himself in grassroots contact with the language and people. All modern writing systems other than Chinese. Chinese script, commonly cited as an exception, is according to DeFrancis essentially a syllabic phonographic system. John DeFrancis, a professor of the Chinese language, disagreed with Sampson, and they had a bit of a fight which, all things considered, DeFrancis seems to have gotten the better of. Those of us who had the honor and pleasure of working with him will do our best to follow in his footsteps. The original recordings were produced at Seton Hall University in Fahy Hall on reel-to-reel tapes. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. (The Chinese Writ-ing System would have been more accurate, but since the book's chief aim is to enlighten people who mis-takenly think that language is writing, the title is … John DeFrancis (1989) has argued at length that all writing systems used now or in the past are essentially similar in being based on a phonetic principle; and, in particular, that the Chinese script does not represent a fundamentally different type of system … John DeFrancis (1911- 2009) John DeFrancis (1911–2009), Emeritus Professor of Chinese at the University of Hawai'i, graduated from Yale in 1933 and immediately departed for China to pursue his interests. For any student of the Chinese language and writing system working in the latter part of the twentieth century, DeFrancis was simply a titan. Visible Speech: The Diverse Oneness of Writing Systems - Ebook written by John DeFrancis. Visible Speech is an attempt to set the record straight about the nature of writing. "The Chinese Language: Fact and Fantasy" remains controversial: some of the myths DeFrancis attacks are held by Chinese about their own language, and DeFrancis is emphatically a non-fan of the Chinese writing system. 425–426). JOHN DEFRANCIS and J. MARSHALL LINGER Linguistics invited DeFrancis to respond to Sampson (1994) early in 1994, but we developed most of the ideas in this response jointly during the spring of 1988 (see Unger and DeFrancis i.p.). Over 100 hours of audi… John DeFrancis , whose books on Chinese writing have done more than any other scholarship to demolish the myth that the script is ‘ideographic’ or ‘pictographic’, died on January 2 at the age of 98. 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